To the question "When to start preparing roses for wintering" the answer should always be the same - "in May"! After all, only healthy, strong and well-groomed plants are able to withstand the difficult conditions of a rainy prolonged fall, a harsh winter and treacherous spring.
How to do it correctly, today Olga Andreeva, a collector of roses from St. Petersburg and a consultant to the Flower publication, with whom Ogorod.ru portal has a fruitful collaboration, will tell us.
Each rozovod solves the problem with the shelter of plants in their own way, based on their experience and advice from experienced growers. Your attention - 10 points of preparing roses for the winter - which in no case should not be done!
1. Hurry up with a shelter of roses
The first frosts are not a reason to rush immediately to cover the rose bushes. These plants are quite cold-resistant. It is necessary to wait for the termination of rains and establishment of sub-zero temperatures. I prefer to cover the roses on the frozen ground, but to prepare them for shelter, of course, you need to start in advance.
- How to help roses winter - tips on sheltering and storing bushesIn order for the roses to safely endure the winter frosts, you need to take care of them in advance. How to cover roses?
2. Bending down the branches of roses in frosty weather
Frosts make the stems of roses fragile, the bark on the fracture cracks, and these wounds become the "gateway" for infection.
Therefore, I begin to bend roses in mid-September. Large shoots are more convenient to bend with a bundle in several stages, fixing with the help of a twine and a peg (instead of it you can easily use even steel skewers skewers - they are strong, durable, easily stuck into the ground and have a hook-loop for attaching the rope). For a more secure fixation peg (skewer) stuck to the base of the bush at an angle.
3. Trim the unripe shoots too early.
While warm enough, such an early pruning you just provoke the formation of new shoots. Thin branches after pruning must be treated at least with brilliant green, and sections on thick ones must be ground with garden pitch.
- Pruning roses in the fall after flowering - useful tips and detailed instructions for beginnersUnderstandable patterns and valuable tips for pruning different groups of roses - from hybrid tea to ground cover.
4. Use natural fiber rope for garter roses
The "natural" rope quickly gathers moisture and rot. For a bunch of branches is good polypropylene twine.
5. Leave the leaves on the stalks of roses
It is categorically impossible to leave even healthy-looking foliage on rose bushes - all infectious processes are activated in the greenery left before the shelter.
6. Spud rose bushes in wet weather and wet ground
In the case of constant wet weather, hilling roses, even with a dry mixture, will ultimately be meaningless. This can be done only in the case of a fine autumn with a light frost, when the soil on the site is dry.
The composition of the mixture for hilling is also important - it is necessary to exclude sawdust (they rot), clean sand and peat (they clump together and collect moisture). The best option is a dry loose mixture of matured compost with sand and peat.
7. To rake up leaves that have fallen from them to the bushes of roses.
Falling foliage is not suitable for autumn hilling - it is very likely that it will become a source of infection. But the filling of the bush with a dry oak leaf with a cover on top of the film is quite acceptable.
8. Laying branches of climbing roses directly on the ground
It is very important that under the branches of climbing roses, which you are laying for the winter, it is dry. Therefore, you can not have them right on the ground. Laying the film under the scum is also not worth it - in the spring they will be "in a puddle". It is best to use thick foam or “scaffolding” made of empty plastic bottles arranged in a row for the substrate - it is dry and not too tough for mice.
9. Cover roses with roofing material or polyethylene
Under the weight of snow, flexible materials such as roofing felt or film will sag and may damage the bushes. Moreover, the shelter is not ventilated under them, and it is the presence of air that is the most important factor for a good wintering of roses. Much more reliable in this respect is dense lutrasil on thin arcs.
Also, you can not cover the roses for the winter with metal buckets or tanks - they will accumulate cold.
In winter, it is advisable to pour snow to shelter bushes, but in no case should it be collected for this purpose around the periphery of the landings.
- How to cover roses for the winter - the best options for winter shelterIt's time to cover the roses for the winter. How to do it quickly and at minimal cost - read the article.
10. Hurry up in the spring with the opening of roses
To open roses in the spring should be gradually. Do not forget also to be sure to shade the open bushes from the bright spring sun, so that a premature rapid awakening of the buds does not begin.
How do you cover a rose for the winter in your region?
If you still have questions about caring for these or other garden crops, send them to [email protected], and experienced consultants of the Flower publication will help you.