Iodine is needed not only to the human body, but also to all plants. With a shortage of this element, the ovary rots, fruiting is delayed. But feeding plants with iodine should be carried out according to strict rules and follow the dosage.
In the garden, garden and flower garden iodine is used not only as a fertilizer, but also as an insecticidal agent. It also inhibits the development of viruses, bacteria and fungi. And that's not all the beneficial properties of iodine. When watering plants with iodine solution, the soil is disinfected and at the same time the immunity of crops is strengthened.
General rules for the use of iodine
- Iodine is not used in the rest period of plants.
- Pharmacy alcohol solution of iodine (5%) is used in microdoses. Usually, 1-2 drops are used for 2 l of water. If you increase the concentration, you can burn the plants and destroy the beneficial soil bacteria.
- Saplings and seedlings are watered with iodine solution only after the plants take root in a new place and get stronger.
- Top dressing should not fall on the root neck of the plant. And before shedding the soil with iodine solution (preferably warm!), The ground should be thoroughly moistened.
- To increase the efficiency, it is recommended to add wood ash to the fertilizer at the rate of 1 part ash per 10 parts of iodine solution.
- For foliar dressing, the solution of iodine is best sprayed through a fine sprayer. From the resulting "fog" element is absorbed by plants better - by 65-90%.
The use of iodine for vegetable seedlings
Top dressing with iodine is especially good for tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplants, peppers. To obtain a friendly seedling and healthy seedlings, seeds are soaked for 6-8 hours in a solution prepared from 2 glasses of water and 1 drop of pharmacy iodine.
Before planting in open ground, seedlings are fed with iodine at the root only once. To do this, 1 drop of alcohol solution is diluted in 3 liters of water. Planted in the ground and grown plants watered with a solution prepared from 3 drops of iodine, diluted in 10 liters of water. Under each strong bush pour 1 liter.
Top dressing of tomatoes with iodine
Grown up plants need iodine supplements even more, because they are at risk of late blight. To protect the tomatoes from this insidious disease apply dressing with iodine and milk. Whey in a 10-liter bucket diluted with water in the ratio of 1:10, add 40 drops of iodine and 15 ml of hydrogen peroxide. The resulting solution is sprayed with bushes 3 times per season with an interval of 10 days. The treatment is carried out in the evening.
To protect tomatoes from phytophthora can be with the help of another solution. 2 tbsp. ash dissolved in 2 liters of water and insist week. Then this infusion is added to 8 liters of boiling water, mix thoroughly and cool. Then add 10 ml of an alcoholic solution of iodine, 10 g of boric acid and insist for 12 hours. After this time, the resulting medicine is diluted with separated water (1:10) and watered it at the root of each tomato bush.
To rid tomatoes of rot, several times per season, the bushes are sprayed with iodine solution (10 ml of pharmaceutical iodine diluted in 10 liters of water).
Top dressing cucumber iodine
Against the powdery mildew, cucumber whips are copiously sprayed with a mixture of milk (1 l), water (9 l) and 5% iodine (10 drops). The same tool is used to treat the soil under the plants. The procedure is repeated once a week until the symptoms of the disease disappear.
Top dressing strawberry iodine
For garden strawberries iodine is an excellent growth activator. This tool strengthens the immunity of overwintered bushes. To do this, in early spring after the snow melts, planting is poured over with pharmacy iodine (10 drops) dissolved in 10 liters of distilled water. Just spend 3 such feeding with an interval of 10 days. This procedure not only strengthens the plants, but also protects them from gray rot.
Top dressing cabbage with iodine
To prevent the cabbage from getting rotten and form a large head of cabbage, it is watered at the root with the following composition: 40 drops of iodine are dissolved in 10 liters of water. Each plant consumes 1 liter of solution. The same fertilizer can be used for foliar feeding. But in this case, 5 drops of iodine are diluted in 10 liters of water.
Treating trees and shrubs with iodine for fungal diseases
Against cytosporosis, tuberculosis, cancer and other fungal diseases, plants are sprayed with a 1% solution of Pharmaiodus.
Pest iodine use
Yoda fear and garden insects. In order to destroy the larvae of the Maybug in spring and autumn, all perennial plants are watered at the root (it is impossible to get on the leaves) with a solution of iodine (15 drops per 10 liters of water). Under each bush spend about 1 liter. If there are too many pests, then up to 5 liters of this product can be poured under an adult plant.
Against the weevil in early spring, the soil is shed with iodine solution directly in the snow (1 tsp of iodine per 10 liters of water). And to combat aphids, the plants are sprayed with 10% Pharmaiodus.
The use of iodine for indoor plants
Home plants also love iodine. To prolong flowering and improve its quality, 1-4 drops of pharmacy iodine are diluted in 1 liter of water and watered at the root. If the flower loses its attractiveness, add 1 drop of iodine to the complex fertilizer (based on 3 liters of water) and water the plant 3-4 times with an interval of 10 days.
To strengthen the immunity, house flowers are watered with a solution (1 drop of iodine per 1 liter of water) 3 times with an interval of 10-14 days. To save a weakened rose, Humate 7 is diluted in water and iodine is added (1 g per 10 liters of water). Under each room rose pour 50 ml of the resulting solution.
It turns out that iodine is not the only remedy from a home first aid kit that can be used to feed and protect plants. What other drugs can be used to improve the condition of green pets, learn from the article Medicines for people - first aid to plants.