How to protect felt cherries from diseases, pests and other troubles

The main reason why summer residents do not plant felted cherries is their tendency to disease. And really, why spend the effort and money on a sapling, which, most likely, not only will die itself, but also infect others. How to protect your garden?

There are not so many illnesses in felt cherries, however, it suffers from them severely, even to death. In order to understand what happened to your still very young bush, you need to know how bad it is, and take preventive and protective measures in a timely manner.

Diseases of felted cherry

Do not forget that the felt cherry by nature is actually a plum. Therefore, diseases and pests, which most often affect it, are characteristic of plums, cherry plums, apricots, etc. If you can not understand why your felt cherry does not bloom, dries, stains or drops the fruit - examine it for signs of major diseases peculiar to this culture.

Monilioz Felt Cherry

There are very few varieties of felt cherries with relative resistance to monilial burn. Most often, the shrub dies precisely from this disease, after infecting neighboring trees. How to understand that it is monilioz on your plant? Do not forget to inspect the shrub every couple of weeks, in search of small cracks on the bark, from which the gum flows. It is gum development that is the first sign of moniliasis, and if you skip it, then everything will get worse.

Flowers and leaves dry up after the cracks, the branches of the felt cherries dry, and there are bald patches on the plant that look like chemical or thermal burns. In 1-2 seasons without treatments, the bush dies, and the fungal spores Monilia fructigena spread through the garden further.

Treatment of felt cherries from moniliosis should be started at the first signs of the disease.

  1. Cut out all the affected branches and burn them outside the site.
  2. In the spring (before flowering), routinely spray the bushes with a 1% solution of Topaz or Fundazol.
  3. Immediately after the disease is detected, treat the plantings with a 3% Bordeaux mixture or 3% copper sulfate solution, and repeat spraying in the fall.
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Pocket Felt Cherry Disease

Rarely found in other trees pocket disease is characteristic of felt cherries and often scares gardeners with their unusual features. After flowering, instead of the usual berries, hollow elongated fruits of green color are formed on the bush. They contain fungal spores. TaphrinaAfter ripening, they spread throughout the garden, affecting other stone fruit crops.

Stop the process can only be there in a timely manner to tear off all the pockets and destroy them with the help of fire. By the way, dried ones are no less dangerous, so simply collecting and throwing away is not an option. After assembling a dangerous "harvest", the tree should be sprayed with systemic fungicides, for example, Acrobat MC, Oxyh, Scor, Topaz, Fundazol, etc. according to the instructions.

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Felt cherry coccomycosis

If the yard is the height of summer, and you cannot understand why the felt cherry turns yellow, it is possible your beauty was affected by coccomycosis. Usually this disease is characteristic of cherries and cherries, and does not touch the felt cherries and plums, but there are no rules without exceptions.

Small red and brown specks appear on the leaves, then the foliage turns yellow and flies. The cause of the disease becomes a fungus, and you need to deal with it as with any fungal disease - with the help of systemic fungicides used in the spring, after harvesting and in the fall.

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Clusterosporiosis felted cherry

The causative agent of perforated spotting are spores. Clasterosporium carpophilumadoring warm wet weather. It is possible to identify the occurrence of a calesterosporia on felt cherries by the brown growth pads that appear on wood and closed buds in early spring. Literally several spores of fungus spread around it and infect the entire garden. On young leaves, brown spots first appear, which then dry out and turn into holes. Cracks form on the bark of the bush, from which gum oozes.

If you rarely visit the site and do not pay attention to the state of the foliage, then at the end of the season you may not understand why the felted cherry dries. Without treatments for a couple of years, a canister sporosis can kill almost all the stone fruit in your garden.

Prevention of the disease is the timely cutting and feeding of felt cherries, the selection of varieties resistant to perforated spotting and the harvesting of plant residues from under the tree for the winter. It is worth fighting the disease that has appeared (or found in neighbors) with the help of three spring garden treatments. Before blooming buds, spray all stone fruit with 1% Bordeaux mixture, when buds begin to open, process Kuproksat's garden, after two weeks, repeat the treatment according to the instructions.

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Felt Cherry Pests

Not all the pests that live in our latitudes love the felted cherry and eat it with gusto. Most insects bypass the exotic beauty side, which, however, gardener only at hand. But there are those who do not shrink from the leaves, buds and berries of rare bushes.

Sheet wrench

Often the reason why the leaves of a felt cherry are curled can be the most common and widespread in all garden crops, the leaf-worm. These caterpillars eat almost anything in their path, but they are fairly easy to spot.

In the spring, as soon as a positive temperature is established, spray the bushes and the soil under them with Prophylactine solution according to the instructions. If you miss a moment, use the preparations Ivanhoe, Accord, Fatrin and other pyrethroids.

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Aphid

The ubiquitous aphid, perhaps, does not bypass any culture in the garden, and it is rare that it does not destroy the garden. Felt cherry is no exception - the aphid bites its appetite with young leaves, reducing the viability of the plant and its resistance to diseases.

However, there is some good news - you can fight with aphids on felt cherries by the same means as on all other plants, you don’t have to invent anything new. If you are a supporter of folk method. Insist tansy, celandine, garlic or onion peel, dust bushes with tobacco dust and ash. Love heavy artillery? Then at your service Spark or Commander.

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Plum mite

Did you see leaves with warts-like growths on your felt cherry? Probably, you have got a pocket tick, which is quite easy to get rid of. It is enough in the spring immediately after the snow melts over the closed buds twice to water the bushes with boiling water or very hot water directly from the watering can at intervals of three days. If the time is gone, you can wait for the end of the season, spray the plants with Aktar or Karate, and then collect and burn all leaf litter from under the bushes.

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Plum moth

To detect the presence of a plum moth on a bush is possible only at the time of ripening cherries. On the berries appear gum drops in the places of eating, cherries are deformed, do not grow, shrink and fall. In a warm year, 3-4 generations of the plum moth grow in the garden, so there is practically no chance of harvesting themselves.

It is possible to cope with the codling moth (or significantly reduce its number) either by the folk method or by chemistry. In the first case, you will need to hang containers with a mixture of compote and glue on the bushes, where the plum moth larva will fly and die. In the second, to process the bushes after flowering with Decis Profi or Alatar, and in the third decade of July Karbofos or Kinmiks according to the instructions.

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Now you know why the cherry fruit does not bear fruit, how the symptoms of its diseases look and what to do with pests, which means that your bushes will be under reliable protection and will delight you with a rich harvest of sweet and juicy berries.

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