Seedlings of vegetable crops can be grown not only in sowing tanks, but also in open ground. Learn more about each of these methods to choose the most suitable option for yourself.
This method is suitable for those who chose to grow seedlings in a greenhouse or greenhouse. First of all, put a layer of soil on the film (about 15 cm), compact it and prepare rows for sowing seeds. Water them with water with the addition of potassium permanganate (1 g per 1 liter of water).
After that, sow the seeds, sprinkle them on top with dry soil and water again. Sprinkle all the rows in which you have sown the seeds with ashes, this will save you from all sorts of diseases (for example, the black leg). At the end cover the crops with foil.
Depending on the culture, observe the temperature regime. Before the seeds begin to germinate, the temperature should be between 15 and 20 ° C. With the appearance of the first shoots, it should be lowered to 6-7 ° С; for this, remove the film.
Seedlings should be taken care of: regularly water, maintain light and temperature regimes, loosen the soil, remove weak and non-viable sprouts.
In case shoots are weak, they need to be fed. For this purpose, a solution of mullein (100 g per 1 l of water) or complex mineral fertilizer (5 g per 1 l of water) is suitable.
When the spring frosts are not terrible, feel free to transplant seedlings to a permanent "place of residence". Carefully dig it together with a lump of earth and land it in the prepared holes.
In seedlings grown in this way, healthy and strong leaves, and the plants subsequently tolerate transplantation.
The cropless method cultivates crops such as:
- cabbage of middle and late varieties;
This is the way in which seedlings are grown in separate containers. Here you can give free rein to your imagination and use various paper or plastic cups, pots, bags (after cutting them), etc.
But in a potted way, you can grow seedlings only at home. By planting in the ground plants will be ready within 1.5-2 months after sowing the seeds.
Be prepared for the weather to upset your plans. If the seedlings remain in the pots, the plants will stretch, the leaves will turn yellow and dry. The best way out in such a situation would be to transplant the plants into a tank, where they will be more spacious.
Do not tighten planting seedlings in open ground, otherwise the harvest will not please you.
The potted way of growing seedlings can be divided into 2 types: growing with and without picking.
When option with a pick the seed box or any other container is filled with earth (about 10 cm layer) and the seeds are sown at a short distance from each other. When the first true leaves appear, the seedlings swoop into separate containers. In this case, the stems are not stretched, and the seedlings grow strong and healthy.
For a dive, select strong shoots. The tool you can serve as a peak. If it is not at hand, use any pointed plastic or wooden stick, whose diameter should be up to 1 cm, and a length not less than 10 cm.
Undermining the plants and transfer them to another hole is quite easy with the help of peaks. She also distribute the roots in the hole.
A potted method with a picking grow crops such as:
Ensure that there are no voids in the soil when transplanting plants. But if they did appear, fill them with a dry soil mixture.
In order for the root system to develop better and more intensively, pinch the main root one third of its length. Deepen the seedlings so that at least 2 cm of the stem protrude from the ground.
Potty way without picking grown:
If the seedlings have pale leaves, the stems are strongly elongated, in this case, deepen the seedlings right up to the leaves.
After planting, sprinkle the soil a little (you can use lance) and water.
When growing seedlings without picking, 2 seeds are sown in each pot. Then, the weakest seedling is cut with scissors near the ground, while the stronger one remains to grow in the tank up to the moment of landing in the ground. This method is best for those cultures that do not respond well to transplantation.