Sheltered for the winter, the plants are not a very pleasant sight, and in the spring every gardener literally itches his hands as quickly as possible to remove all the excess from the garden. Of course, no one will leave shelter for the whole summer, but the rush in this matter may spoil the matter.
In the harsh conditions of our winters, many cultures have to be sheltered for the winter. Thus, we protect them not only from frost, but also from abundant breaking snowfall, sunburn, gusty winds. However, in the shelter, if left for a long time, the plants are in danger - they can dry up, become moldy, or become prey of rodents. To avoid this, you need to know exactly when and how to liberate different cultures.
When to take cover from roses
Gentle and capricious roses are more likely to suffer from spring decay under cover, and not from winter frosts, but they cannot be left without protection. Therefore, summer residents, who have planted these beauties in their area, should carefully choose the time when they take shelter from roses every spring. As a rule, in the middle lane it falls in the middle of April, however, you need to focus not on the calendar, but on the weather.
If the snow has gone, the ground has thawed out, and at night the temperature does not fall below -5 ° C, then it’s time to start revealing roses.
You can not remove the shelter from roses at once, in one day - from the temperature drop, humidity and sunlight, they can suffer very much.
Start by airing, lift the cover and make a small hole in the top of it to evaporate the moisture. After a couple of days, remove the spunbond or shields from which the shelter was made, and leave only the plant material, for example, spruce branches. After another 3-5 days, remove it, inspect the rose and carry out sanitary pruning of the bush if necessary. On sunny days, do not forget to plant the plant from direct sunlight for the first two weeks.
If water accumulates in the territory of the rose garden, dig up the grooves for moisture removal so that the roots of the rose do not lock.
- Rules for removing the winter shelter from rosesMake everything right so that in summer the roses will delight you with blooming buds!
When to take cover with perennial flowers
In the northern areas, many perennial flowers cover for the winter, such as clematis, crocosmia, chrysanthemum, phlox, echinacea and others. Young plants planted this season are particularly susceptible to frost. As a rule, they have enough mulching with plant materials or land, and only with clematis and tree-like peonies they will have to tinker, constructing a large-scale shelter.
Most perennials can be freed from shelter already in mid-April, when night temperatures will reach at least zero, and the ground will melt to the depth of the spade bayonet. If you are not sure which parts of the plant should be removed after wintering, wait for the buds to swell, and prune off exactly dried branches and shoots.
When to remove shelter from strawberry
Few people create a full-fledged shelter for strawberries for the winter, usually costing a high layer of mulch, which covers the roots and root neck of the bushes, leaving the leaves open. As winter mulch for strawberries, pine litter, straw, or dry leaves are most often used. Although these materials are organic, they should not remain on the ridge until complete decomposition.
At the end of the first half of April, when the leaves on the strawberries start to grow, and the ground dries, the mulch needs to be removed, the ground under the bushes is processed, the dried and frozen processes are removed, and the plantings are fed.
- How to feed strawberries in springWe tell you, the better to feed strawberries (garden strawberries) to get a great harvest.
Closer to the appearance of the ovaries of strawberry bushes, it is advisable to mulch again, so that the berries do not touch the ground.
When to take shelter from grapes
Terms of disclosure of grapes depend on the region in which it is grown. In central Russia and regions with a similar climate, this is done after April 10. Not sure that by this time frost has passed? Do not worry, the grapes will calmly endure a cold snap to -5 ° C.
If the day warms up and the sun is warm, and at night there is still a light frost, you can open the grapes, but you can’t get it out of the trench for a week. So he will receive everything he needs, but at the same time he will be protected from sudden wind and temperature changes.
If the weather forecast or signs say that frosts are waiting for you in the coming days, cover the vines with a double layer of film or agrofibre.
After the positive weather becomes stable, cut the grapes and treat them from pests and diseases.
- Crop of grapes in spring - step by step instructions with videos for beginnersSimple and clear instructions spring pruning of grapes.
When to take shelter from conifers and evergreens
Conifers and evergreens are mostly frost resistant, but it is also necessary to cover them for the winter. Why? First of all, because of the destructive sun rays, which, being reflected from white snow, literally burn twigs of thujs, boxwoods, junipers and cypress trees. A yellow crown of a coniferous spring on one (east or southeast) side indicates that it was not covered and was sunburned.
To hurry with the removal of the shelters of conifers and evergreens is not worth it, they do not do it in one day, accustoming the plant to the light gradually. So that the roots do not start to sweep, the shelter can be lifted and the bush or tree can be ventilated. The first time the shelter is removed for a couple of hours in cloudy weather or in the evening, the time spent in the open air is increased every day. The best time to remove shelters is the period after all the snow has melted and the earth warms up 15-20 cm deep.
When to take shelter from ornamental shrubs
Large-leaved hydrangeas, Forchun's euonymus, David's buddleya, Syrian hibiscus, black elderberry and other ornamental shrubs that need shelter can also be damaged in the spring with improper care.
After the snow in the garden, you need to start airing ornamental shrubs, carried out without removing the shelters. It is worth doing in the event that you covered the bushes with a film. If you prefer spunbond, then you can do without ventilation.
Until the soil is completely thawed, the branches of the plants should be in the shade so as not to get burned. If under the film or frame cover dry, the plant will certainly need to pour warm water. Before the threat of recurrent frosts is over, keep the covering material at hand and be ready to throw it on the bushes or just leave them under a thin agrofiber - it will not prevent the plant from waking up.
After removing shelters from plants, do not drop them in the middle of the plot, but immediately determine the further fate. Those that are suitable for reusable use (shields, decorative houses, frame structures), dry and store until autumn, send mulch to a compost pile, and wash agrofiber, dry it and use for sheltering vegetable ridges.