Fans of violets are divided into two camps: some saintpaulia blooms almost all year round and is considered the most unpretentious of domestic plants, others call it extremely capricious and spend a lot of energy on caring for the plant in order to achieve at least some kind of flowering.
What do you need to violets regularly bloomed at home and pleased florist, even in the cold season? In fact, if all the rules of cultivation are observed, the violet on your windowsill can bloom up to nine months a year, but from time to time it still needs a rest period (rest). If the plant does not bloom or blooms extremely rarely and not for long, this indicates the presence of any problem in the care and maintenance - let's consider possible options and ways to solve them.
1. Violet does not bloom due to improper planting and transplanting.
You, out of ignorance, could have created conditions of detention unacceptable for the Saintpaulia already at the stage of its landing. Namely - to choose the wrong soil and / or unsuitable for the plant pot.
First, violets are very sensitive to the composition and quality of the soil due to the delicate root system. Heavy and dense soil mixtures are not suitable for her categorically, she does not like excessive acidity either. Therefore, if you do not have the ability or desire to buy specialized soil for violets in the store, you will have to attend to preparing it yourself.
Experienced senpolists advise to create the right mixture based on high peat (lowland will be too sour and moisture-consuming), to which you can add a little fertile forest or garden land (but not more than 40%, otherwise the soil will be oversaturated with additives, and the whole force of the plant will be spent on foliage development ). The soil mixture should be light and loose, a good idea would be to add vermiculite baking powder to it, which will help retain moisture in the soil and supply the plant roots with the oxygen it needs. The stagnation of water leads to the decay of the roots of violets, therefore, drainage is also necessary - foam plastic, pebbles, expanded clay.
Remember that over time, even the lightest and loose soil in a pot is compressed and compacted, and its composition is depleted, so you need to regularly loosen and update its top layer, and also occasionally replant the violets.
A pot for a violet should not be too deep and voluminous - in this case, again, the entire force of the plant will be spent on the development of the root system (in order to “master” the entire volume of soil) and the build-up of green mass. The tank must have enough holes in the bottom to have enough time to remove excess moisture (we will talk about competent watering of the violet below) to prevent rotting of the root system.
Some growers recommend growing Saintpaulia only in plastic pots, except for clay ones - they say it is easier to make a large number of drainage holes in them, and they heat up much less in the sun. The choice, as always, is yours.
It is not necessary to go to the other extreme - to place the violets in a too miniature pot, as is customary in some flower growers. In a very tight capacity, the plant will also be uncomfortable, and the soil there will be depleted more quickly due to the small volume. Especially if the plant is healthy and regularly gives stepchildren. Occasionally, it is required to plant the overgrown violet, while removing the young bushes from the parent pot - excessive thickening of the bushes can also be the reason that your violet refuses to bloom.
2. Violet does not bloom due to lack of lighting
It is very likely that your violets will refuse to bloom unless their proper lighting is established. This is a very light-loving culture, however, it does not tolerate direct burning sunshine.
The fact that the plant does not have enough light, it is easy to notice on the leaves - they will fade, shrink and stretch toward the light source. If the amount of sunlight is excessive - real burns will appear on the tender leaves of violets, be careful!
The best option would be to place a pot with a violet on a wide windowsill, of course, not close to the glass, but not far away from the glass. Choose a window where there is enough light, but there is almost no direct sunlight (in summer it’s usually northern and eastern windows, in winter - southern and western). Ideally, if the crowns of trees are located behind the window, they will soften and diffuse sunlight. If there are no plantations in the courtyard, in the very sun you will need to shade violets, partially closing the glass.
The daylight hours for the violet should last at least 10 (and for some southern varieties and 12!) Hours, which is why in the winter many inexperienced gardeners of Saintpaulia go to rest and do not bloom.
If you want to enjoy abundant flowering in the cold months, you will have to purchase a fluorescent lamp and install artificial lighting for the plants. It is important to correctly place it - if the lamp is set aside, the bushes of violets will start to bend in its direction, and if it is too far, it will not help the flowering. Usually the lamp is installed at a distance of about 30 cm from the flowers, turning it on and off daily at the same time - this plant appreciates stability very much. Such artificial lighting will help speed up, stimulate or prolong the bloom of your violet.
3. Violet does not bloom due to improper watering.
Irregular watering, overdrying or over-wetting of the soil, as well as the use of excessively cold or hard water for irrigation, can lead to the absence of flowers on the plant.
To violet bloom well, it is important to master the method of their competent watering. More truly - methods as there are several of them.
Option 1. Regular watering under the root of slightly tepid settled water with the tracking that the stream does not fall on the point of growth and foliage. Excess water is removed from the pan to avoid stagnant moisture and rotting of the roots.
Option 2. Watering in the pan - the water is not poured into the pot itself, but directly into the pan, and the plant itself takes as much moisture as it needs. Excess moisture (when the violet stops sucking water) is removed, as in the previous method. A variation of this option is to set the pot with violet for a while in a basin of water.
Option 3. Wick irrigation - the most time consuming at the initial stage, but almost does not require efforts from the gardener later. At the stage of planting (transplanting) the violet on the bottom of its pot, a loose cord is laid between the drainage layer and the ground. One end of it is left in the pot with the ringlet, and the other end is pulled through the hole at the bottom of the pot. After planting a violet, any container with a lid is filled with water, a pot with a plant is placed on top of it, and the cord is dipped in liquid. Violet for a long time will "water" itself. You just need to ensure that there is always water in the bottom tank.
In winter, if the plant is on a cold window sill (and especially with drafts), wick irrigation can lead to supercooling of the roots!
4. Violet does not bloom due to improper temperature or humidity.
It is also important to note that violet (especially blooming) does not like heat, cold, or, especially, sudden changes in temperature. The optimum temperature for the cultivation of Saintpaulia is 18-24 ° C. If the plant is constantly standing in a cooler / hot place, or there are sharp temperature fluctuations / drafts, then the violet is likely to produce very poor flowering and a slight increase.
Violets are also extremely sensitive to ambient humidity. In an average city apartment, it is usually very dry for her, so the air around the violet should be humidified. For this you can use fine dispensers with warm water, industrial humidifiers, placement near pots of water tanks and even wet towels on batteries during the heating period.
If you do not give the violet to bloom and break out flower stalks in the cold season, arranging a forced rest period, then it will endure the winter well without additional humidification of the air.
5. Violet does not bloom due to the lack or excess of fertilizing
In order to “make” violet bloom regularly at home, it is also important not to forget about timely fertilization.
What and when to feed the violet so that it blooms well? This should be done regularly - during the period of active growth and flowering once a week, in the winter during the rest period - once every three to four weeks. It is better to choose fertilizers in liquid form, which are conveniently applied to the soil by the root method together with irrigation. Do it without the presence of an active sun - in the evening or in cloudy weather.
There are special blends of fertilizers for violets, where all the elements they need are in a balanced form - Master, Saintpaulia, Forte, Uniflor, Ideal, etc. If you are used to mixing top dressings yourself, remember that excess nitrogen can cause excessive leaf development to the detriment of flowering, therefore, first of all, you need to focus on potassium-phosphorus mixtures. Do not forget that an excess of fertilizers will also negatively affect the health and appearance of Saintpaulia, as well as their lack.
For a month or one and a half after transplantation, it is impossible to fertilize violets! Also, it is not necessary to engage in feeding, if the plant is weakened due to the mass attack of pests or excessively dry and hot weather.
Folk remedies can also increase plant immunity and contribute to the abundant flowering of violets - used tea brewing, slept black coffee, an infusion of yeast, citrus peels or onion peel, sugar syrup.
6. Violet does not bloom due to disease or pests.
Observe all the above conditions for the care of violets, but they still do not bloom, and you do not know what to do? There is only one unpleasant option - your plant is sick or hit by some pests. Weakened violet is not to the rapid flowering - all the power goes to maintaining health.
Blooming can be caused by gray rot, downy mildew, late blight, rhizoctoniosis, sclerotinia, fusarium, nematodes, ticks, cherries ...
Look closely at the leaves, shoots, violet flowers and the soil beneath it - are there any signs of infection or parasites? In any case, you need to monitor your green pets, carry out timely prevention and treatment, remove and destroy the damaged parts so that the infection does not spread to other indoor plants.
As you can see, there are many reasons why violets refuse to bloom well. But all these reasons can be easily resolved with proper attention and diligence. Knowing how to care for a blooming violet, you can make it bloom for long months - we hope the information from our article will help you with this.