What should be the first good tomatoes? That's right - delicious! Unfortunately, many industrial varieties and hybrids (especially imported breeding), having good keeping quality and transportability, have errors in taste and are suitable, rather, only for canning.
Whether business tomatoes "home", from the country, with his plot! However, for self-cultivation it is necessary to carefully select the variety. But how to do that? How to determine the picture on the bag of seeds, whether the selected tomatoes are juicy, fragrant, sweet? What does the taste of tomatoes in general depend on and can it be influenced in the process of growing?
Let's try to give answers to all these questions.
Tomatoes are a matter of taste
Substances responsible for the taste of the tomato can be divided into 6 groups:
- fatty acid,
- organic acids
- amino acids with branched side chains.
The most studied two components of the fruit of tomato - acids (malic, citric, glutamic) and sugar. It is from their ratio that the taste most often changes, and some tomatoes seem sour, others are sweet, and still others are somehow tasteless.
Fruits of sour tomatoes contain a lot of acids and few sugars, pronouncedly sweet fruits have a lot of sugars and few acids, the "fresh" ones have a low content of those and other substances. The most tasty are tomatoes with a high content of acids and sugars.
Tomatoes with a high content of carotenoids, in particular, lycopene, also usually have a good taste.
The brighter and more intense the coloring of the fruit, the higher the likelihood of their good taste.
So, we choose a bright red tomato, with a high content of sugars and lycopene, preferably large and better - undersized.
Tasty tomatoes are an agricultural matter
Another option to independently influence the taste of grown tomatoes for the better is the use of some agricultural techniques.
So, it is known that the stagnation of moisture affects the taste of tomatoes. Therefore, fruits grown on sandy soils will always be tastier than their “brethren” from clay soils. It is better to choose organic fertilizers with the addition of potash, phosphorus and sulfur-containing mineral elements.
Daytime temperatures during cultivation should be 25-25 ° С, and nighttime temperatures should be 15-17 ° С. This temperature difference also contributes to the accumulation of sugars in the fruit.
In addition, at least 8 hours a day, tomatoes should be under the sun. The more sunlight (and the more intense it is), the sweeter the fruits will be.
Still, the main thing - the right grade
The seed market is now flooded with imported varieties. But abroad there is simply no such direction of breeding as "seeds for summer residents". Summer cottages are a purely Russian phenomenon. After all, only in our country 80% of vegetables are grown in cottages and in vegetable gardens. The rest of the world is the opposite.
Therefore, truly delicious, fragrant and sweet tomatoes, which we remember from childhood, derive only our domestic breeders. But to understand that from the variety of varieties and hybrids derived in Russia, and that in the Netherlands and the United States, it is sometimes difficult. After all, often "foreigners" have quite Russian names.
How to be in this case? Choose trusted manufacturers who do not just pack the seeds in colorful packaging, but also are engaged in selection. Such manufacturers include, for example, the company Gavrish, which in 1993 was founded by the professor of the Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, doctor of agricultural sciences Sergey Fedorovich Gavrish. This is the only company that leads the selection at the present level, but at the same time preserves the traditions of the Timiryaz school.
"Gavrish" - the largest breeding company in Russia, a leader in the creation of varieties and hybrids of vegetable crops, the priority of which are tomatoes.
In recent years, domestic breeders have begun to actively work on the creation of tasty large-fruited tomatoes, which can be grown not only in the greenhouse, but also in the open ground.
Now on sale you can find very early determinant (with limited growth) varieties, with fruits weighing 200 g or more. These include and grade Big Mama - the rapidly gaining popularity of the company Gavrish.
The main advantage of the Big Mommy variety is undemanding to weather and soil conditions. Good light and fertile soil will further reveal the potential of its taste and yield.
Big Mama - an early low-growing large-fruited variety of tomatoes, which is recommended for cultivation in the open field and under any film shelters. He has been in high demand among summer residents for three seasons, and believe me, it’s not for nothing! Juicy red heart-shaped fruits weighing 220-340 g ripen on the bushes already 85-95 days after the emergence of shoots. The pulp of these tomatoes has a rich sweet taste, as well as a high content of solids and lycopene. Such tomatoes are good not only fresh. They make excellent juice and tomato paste.
In addition, all large-fruited tomatoes from the company "Gavrish", including Big Mama, have a unique environmental plasticity, which allows them to successfully resist diseases and pests. Rain, cold, heat, uneven watering, temperature fluctuations - all the vagaries of the weather, these tomatoes endure and form a crop no matter what.
As you can see, not only for specialists, but also for ordinary gardeners there is an opportunity to receive tasty fruits of tomatoes on the site. The main thing - do not make a mistake with the choice of varieties. Big Mama made a real sensation in the seed market, having won the hearts of millions of summer residents. For several seasons in a row, seeds of this variety are the best-selling among the huge assortment of tomatoes from Gavrish.
Try and see for yourself - Big Mama will not let you down!
Detailed information about the varieties and hybrids of the company "Gavrish" can be found at www.semenagavrish.ru