Crop and winter hardy varieties of sweet cherries for the middle band

You do not know what sort of sweet cherry to plant on the plot, so that ripe and juicy berries ripen on it every year? This article will help you navigate the variety of varieties.

When choosing fruit varieties of cherries for the middle zone, first of all, it is necessary to pay attention to such an important property as winter hardiness. Do not forget that until recently the sweet cherry was an exclusively southern culture. Only thanks to the hard work of breeders was it possible to create varieties of trees that produce crops in regions with very severe winters every year.

For such an area, try to select varieties that bloom later, when the threat of recurrent frosts is minimal, or those varieties whose flowers are resistant to negative temperatures in the spring. This is very important for obtaining stable yields of sweet cherries in the middle lane. Of course, such a number of ripe berries, as in the south (up to 100 kg or more from a tree), is difficult to obtain in the middle lane, but it is quite realistic to collect 45-50 kg.

Adeline

This variety will appeal to owners of small household plots. The trees grow small (no more than 3 m in height) with a pyramidal crown, which does not take much space and does not thicken. Nevertheless, the yield from the tree is quite high - up to 60 kg of berries.

Fruits ripen attractive dark red color, tasty, with very juicy pulp of average density. A good variety is also the fact that the trees are winter-hardy enough, they are not afraid of returnable frosts and are not susceptible to coccomycosis and moniliosis.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 4 year3,2-3,65,6-6,1Mid julyFolk, Beauty

With good care from the tree of this variety will be able to collect up to 70 kg of fruit. More generous harvest than that Adeline, due to the fact that trees are varieties Shouting sredneroslye, with a spreading crown, and the ovary with them almost does not crumble. But they need good lighting, nutritious soil and a sufficient amount of moisture, so it is better to grow this cherry in large areas.

Fruits are tied rather large, with a small and small bone that is easily separated from the juicy flesh. The color of mature cherries is dark red. Due to the dry separation of the fruit from the stem, the berries are well-kept and are well transported, so that you can get them from the house to the house without any problems. Also, this variety is characterized by sufficient resistance to frost and a disease such as monilial burn.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 4 year4,6-5,14,5-4,8Mid juneFolk, Beauty, Zhurba

Small, with pyramidal crown trees of the variety Italian also give good yields - about 70 kg of fruit from a tree.

The variety is suitable for lovers of early harvest, as well as large and sweet fruits. The fact that the cherries are ripe, "signal" the dark red color of the skin of the berries and the flesh, which will become juicy and tasty. The variety is distinguished by annual fruiting, sufficient resistance to frost and immunity to coccomycosis.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
4-5 year3,9-4,55,6-6,0Mid juneFolk, Beauty, Zhurba

Lena - A variety with an unusual plant name and good yield (up to 75 kg). The trees are medium tall, their compact oval crown does not obscure the plot.

Cherries ripen late. This allows you to extend the season of delicacy with fresh berries, especially if there are trees with an early fruiting period.

Ripening sweet cherries "light up" on a tree, like lights on a New Year tree, they acquire a rich black and red color, and the flesh becomes burgundy. Quite high yields, resistance to frost and immunity to phytosteriasis are the advantages of this variety.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 4 year4,2-4,57,1-8,3End of julyRevna, Tyutchevka, Iput, Ovstuzhenka

This modern cultivar, bred at the beginning of the XXI century, can please with crops up to 75-78 kg from one plant. In addition, the indisputable positive qualities of the variety include the low growth of trees with sparse spherical crown, as well as their resistance to frost, diseases and pests.

As for fruits, they are beyond praise and in color (it is saturated, maroon-red), and in taste (it is completely devoid of tartness). The stone in the fruit is barely noticeable, it is easily separated from the pulp, its mass is slightly more than 4.5% by weight of the berry.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
4-5 year3,6-4,05,3-6,8End of juneIput, Revna, Bryansk Pink, Tyutchevka, Raditsa

On a nutritious, well-moistened soil, about 82 kg of berries can be harvested from this cherry tree, even though the trees are not of massive size, and their crown is pyramidal, of average density. The variety is resistant to frost and diseases such as coccomycosis, nodulation and moniliosis. Therefore, when processing trees on the site you will not need to use "chemistry".

Odrinka gives very large and tasty fruits, which, as they mature, acquire a dark red color. They are juicy, tasty, with quite dense pulp. This allows you to safely transport the crop over considerable distances.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 5 year3,9-4,65,6-7,7Early JulyOvstuzenka, Revna, Rechitsa

This variety is even more fruitful than Odrinka. With an adult plant, you can collect up to 85 kg of fruit.

Trees of this variety grow and develop very quickly, but the giants do not grow. It is also noteworthy that the rapid development of the plant does not lead to the thickening of the crown; even without the intervention of a gardener, it remains medium-sized for a long time and over the years acquires a clear pyramidal shape.

And a variety Rechitsa interesting for its fruits. Their skin is almost black, and the flesh is dark red, dense and surprisingly juicy. Due to the dry separation, you can easily take the fruits from the cottage to the house, and since the variety is drought-resistant, winter-hardy and not prone to the main “cherry” diseases, you will not have to use chemical preparations in the garden.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 5 year4,0-4,54,9-5,8Early JulyIput, Ovstuzhenka, Odrinka

The variety is quite new, obtained in 2005. It combines many of the positive qualities inherent in modern varieties. These are low growth of trees with a non-thickening crown, and their stable yield (about 85 kg), and resistance to recurrent cold in spring, and in winter - to severe frost. Also worth noting is resistance to diseases and the vast majority of pests. Variety Sadko lacking only self-fertility. But what a wonderful taste of his sweet cherry!

I want to talk about them separately. There is no one who would not appreciate the taste of these ruby ​​berries! To understand that the cherry is ripe, it is easy for a rich red color. It was during this period that berries should be picked to feel the fullness of their taste with an abundance of sweet clear juice.

Sweet cherry is suitable for all types of processing and, of course, it is good fresh! Berries ripen almost simultaneously, so that in one trip to the country you can collect up to 90% of the total harvest.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 4 year4,0-4,26,1-8,1End of juneIput, Ovstuzhenka, Odrinka

The variety was bred in the early 2000s, and has already managed to catch the fancy of many for its yield, often reaching 90 kg per tree. This is the main positive, but not the only feature of the variety. Tyutchevka.

The tree has a high winter hardiness, resistance to spring frosts, diseases and pests. As for drought resistance, it is moderate, in the dry periods of the year the plants need watering without fail, otherwise the ovaries will begin to fall off and it will not be possible to get record harvests.

Fruit Tyutchevki very large, tasty, with a small bone, easily separated from the stem. The color of fully ripe fruit is dark red. They have a lot of coloring matter, so the juice is also bright scarlet.

Especially worth noting is the advantage of the variety as self-fertility. Even without pollinating trees, you can harvest a good harvest.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 4 year4,0-4,55,3-7,4End of july

Self-infested, but with pollinator varieties

(Iput, Revna, Ovstuzhenka, Raditsa) yields reach maximum

This variety also features record yields, reaching up to 90 kg per tree. In this case, the ripening of a large number of berries due to their considerable weight, as well as tall trees, good resistance to frost and return spring frosts, pests and diseases (in particular, to coccomycosis).

The ripe fruits are tasty and healthy, they contain an increased amount of biologically active substances and very few anthocyanins, which can be dangerous for allergies. It is a small amount of anthocyanins that makes the fruit yellow, and the pulp and juice are almost colorless.

Among other things, the variety is characterized by super early ripening, so it is ideal for those who can not wait for the middle of summer to taste juicy and ripe berries.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 4 year5,0-5,54,5-5,5The beginning of JuneIput, Revna, Ovstuzhenka, Raditsa

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In conclusion, I would like to advise gardeners to choose varieties of cherries specifically for their region. Do not be fooled by the beautiful labels and promises of the highest yields, because when landing on a site in the middle lane, southern varieties of trees may not survive the winter. Do not forget that the maximum yield of sweet cherry is possible only on sufficiently moist soil, rich in nutrients, as well as in the presence of pollinator varieties, without which the fruits of sweet cherry can not be tied up at all.

Watch the video: Creating A Subtropical Food Forest In 14 Days (November 2019).

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