Grapes

Growing grapes from a green stalk is one of the common ways of vegetative propagation. We will tell you how to properly hold it in order to get a fruiting bush after 3 years. The grapes are propagated by both lignified and green cuttings. Let's understand the intricacies of the second method.

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It turns out that grafting helps protect grapes from such a dangerous pest as phylloxera. Find out what else this crop is planted for and how it is done at different times of the year. Some varieties (as a rule, their fruits are the most juicy and tasty) do not have good winter hardiness, they often get sick, are attacked by pests and die very quickly.

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A rare crop needs as much attention as grapes. The list of works is not secondary or unnecessary - they should all be carried out in strict sequence. We have compiled a calendar of works for the whole year so that you don’t miss anything important. Caring for a vineyard, especially if you live far from the southern regions, is not easy.

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How to care for grapes and collect a decent crop, despite the naughty climate, imperfect soil and aggressive diseases? The task is not easy, but real. After all, on your side - the experience of winegrowers who have come this way before you. Feed, garter, treatment of diseases and pests, pruning, staving, grafting.

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Grapes have long ceased to be exclusively southern culture. Now it is grown in almost every garden. But to get really beautiful large clusters, you need to try hard. Life expectancy of a grape plant is 70-80 years. But there are fruiting bushes at the age of 100-150 years.

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In this article - all you need to know about autumn grape care and preparation for wintering: pruning, processing, shelter for the winter. Take on board! In order to get a good harvest of grapes next year, it is necessary to properly prepare the vine for wintering. We tell how to do it. Autumn grape pruning Dates for pruning grapes depend on weather and climatic conditions in your area.

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Grapes - the perfect raw material for the preparation of homemade wine. However, not all varieties of this crop grow well in the middle lane and are suitable for processing. Grape technical (wine) varieties are not as beautiful as table. But on the other hand, it is less whimsical, and the berries are distinguished by high sugar content (19-26%) and high juice content (75-88%), which makes them an ideal raw material for winemaking.

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In the spring you can plant grapes as seedlings and cuttings. It is quite simple to do this: our advice will help even a beginner grower to grow a spreading and well-fruiting shrub. Despite the fact that grapes are a rather heat-loving crop, they can be successfully grown in the middle lane. There are several components of success - it is necessary to choose a suitable variety and correctly, and most importantly - plant a sapling or cutting on time.

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In total there are more than 8,000 varieties of this thermophilic plant. And although it comes from subtropics, today many of its cultivated varieties have been bred, tolerating the conditions of middle latitudes quite well - now there are more than 3000 grape varieties in Russia and the CIS countries. Someone grows technical grapes (wine) with a high percentage of juice in a berry for making beverages, someone prefers table grapes, which is used mainly for fresh consumption.

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From the second year of growing the grapes need to adjust the growth of the vine and the formation of bushes. And it is also important not to forget about regular watering and dressing. Thanks to proper care, the grapes will grow well and form a crop. It is very important to properly regulate the growth of shoots so that only a healthy vine can grow on a plant.

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This popular culture is fertilized in the fall, starting from the third year of life. We will tell you how to feed the grapes before winter, so that next season it will form weighty clusters of juicy berries. After harvesting, it is necessary to add nutrients to the soil that the plant consumed during the season.

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The formation of grapes is necessary for normal growth and development of the vine. It includes: pruning, garter sleeves and shoots to the support, pinching and breaking off the extra shoots. When choosing a type of forming, it is necessary to take into account the climatic conditions and features of the grape variety. Horizontal shaping is appropriate only in very hot climates.

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In temperate latitudes, grapes require special care and care. And if you want him to experience our winter well and make the crop happy for the next season, it is already starting from the summer months to take care of its good development and full-fledged ripening of the vine. So, it goes without saying that in the spring you have already done everything necessary for the grapes - prepared the soil and trellis for the garter, planted new seedlings or freed adult plants from the winter shelter, carried out preventive spraying of the grapes, made a dry garter of the shoots and spent their fragments, regularly watering and feed the plants.

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The warmer climate in many regions leads to the fact that gardeners simply do not know at what temperature it is necessary to cover the grapes for the winter, and what to do if the right weather does not occur. We will find the answer and show you the better to cover the grapes. Of course, no one will give an accurate calendar answer to the question of when to cover grapes for the winter.

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In the middle lane, the grapes overwinter under the shelter, which they usually begin to cook in dry weather in mid-October. Learn how to do it right. It is recommended to cover the grapes after the first frost. Vine must be hardened. It is enough for this that within a few days the plant remains without shelter at a temperature of from -5 to -8 ° C (but not below -10 ° C).

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Well-grown grapes, which have grown well in growth, sometimes die or are damaged by sudden spring frosts. A couple of hours of negative temperature is enough to deprive you of hope for a harvest. Experienced winegrowers have developed not one, but immediately seven ways to protect the gentle liana and minimize the effects of temperature extremes.

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Proper pruning of grapes - a pledge of normal growth and good harvest. Some novice gardeners do not know how to approach this important process, but it's time to fix it. Since you are reading this text, we believe that you have no doubts about whether you should cut the grapes. If, after all, it is not completely clear to you why to carry out this procedure, then we will clarify the situation.

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